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Common Krait (Bungarus caeruleus)

Medium sized to large; smooth, shiny scales; wide head and neck; wide black band on underside of neck; distinctive hood marking on top of neck. Average Length: 1m. at birth 25 cm.. Maximum 2m(male)
Medium sized; smooth, glossy scales; head slightly wider than neck; jet-black, usually with distinct white cross lines. Average Length 1 m; At Birth :25 cm Maximum 1.75 n (male)
Comon kraits are smooth glossy bluish-black snakes with the rounded head slightly distinct from the neck. The body colour varies from a dark steely blue-black in a specimen which has freshly shed its skin to a pale faded bluish grey in one just about to shed. There are normally about 40 thin white cross bands. The young and some adults may have white spots along the first third of the backbone in place of the cross lines. This variation as well as uniform black variants appear in certain geographic races.The underside is white. Common kraits are often confused with wolf snakes (Lycodon sp.)which are much smaller and also prey of this snake specis.Besides the Common kraits and Banded kraits, the other kraits are rare and confined to the eastern Himalayas and Assam. Found most of in India; Sea level up to 1700 m. uncommon in Bengal, Assam and Orissa, where the Banded Krait is found. Its habitat is Sandy soil.termite mounds, burrows of small rodents and piles of brick and rubble are the best places to find common kraits, which are mainly snakes of the plains. Though very common in some parts of the country (such as coastal Tamil Nadu), one rarely seen them. Kraits are nocturnal and are not seen by day.. during the daytime, kraits hide:holes of field mice and metad rats are favourite dwellings.
Seem to be very territory and/or sex conscious at most times of the year. When a male snake is introduced to a cage of captive specimens, a jerking “dance” often ensues, sometimes ending in a serious fit of biting. Kraits are short-fanged snakes with a bulldog grip and very fast and active at night.
Distinctive character of this snake is vertebral scale is hexagonal in shape. Female lays 8 to 12 eggs March to May which hatch in May-July. Female stay with her eggs during incubation as do other snakes such as the Cobra. Feeding on mainly snakes, Lizards and rodents. Kraits are true cannibals and it is not unusual to find a few smaller kraits missing from a captive group. striped keelbacks and olive keelback seem to be favourite food items. Amazing and strange fact of this snakes is They live and thrive near human settlements and remain undistributed because of their secretive nocturnal habits.
Venom of Kraits is extremely toxic and induces nerve paralysis. As there are no local symptoms. A patient should be carefully observed for signs of paralysis and treated urgently with anti-venom.

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