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Rat Snake (ptyas mucosa)

Rat Snake Large, streamlined;shiny scales, dorsal rows keeled; thin neck and large eyes. Average Length: 2 m; At Birth : 32cm; Maximum: 3.5 m (male)
Common, widely distributed snakes usually vary considerably in colour. Rat Snakes may be light – yellow (on the plains) to jet-black(in the hills) And many shade of green, olive, or brown in between. The body is uniformly coloured but the skin bears interscale markings which show up when the snake puffs itself up in defence. The underside often has cross bars that are quite prominent in specimens from northern India. The lower ‘lip’ often has black horizontal lines. When seen only briefly, Rat snakes resemble cobras but they are actually longer and thiner with pointed rather than round heads and prominent eyes. IN comparing them, note eyes, head and neck of the two species.
Rat snakes are prodigious rat eaters and since rats are plentiful where humans are, we naturally see more of this snake than any other. It is diurnal and like all animals that live close to humans, seems to learn our activity cycles and avoids contact in its forays. When threatened, it puffs its throat, hisses, and will strike with force.
The female lays 8 to 22 eggs mainly between March and July but also in the winter months. These hatch about 60 days after they are laid. Males fight for female or prey called ‘Combat dance’ very adorable to see. Even mating of rat snakes make a lovely seen.. Rat Snake is prey of King cobra.. Rat snakes eat many other little species of snakes in captivity.
Feeding on Rodents, frogs, lizards, birds and een small snakes. Young rat snakes are mainly frog eaters but start hunting mice and rats during their first year of life. Prey is swallowed live or killed by pressure of the jaws and body.

Other Non-Venomous Snakes >


Vanyajeev Sanwardhan Sanstha, Latur

At. Post Sarola, Latur